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    幫你快速提高英文交際能力的6個技巧
    編輯:admin 更新時間:2017-4-17 10:10:11 來源:中學英語網 【字號: 】 瀏覽:

          你可能記了無數個單詞,你可能掌握了進行對話所需要的所有語法知識,但是當你要自我表達的時候,仍然覺得茫然無措。在這篇文章里,我會給你提供幾個小妙招來幫助你克服這個困難,使用最簡單的方法來提高你的英文交際能力。

          1. Slow Down Your Speaking Speed 放慢你說話的速度

          You might be an eloquent speaker when it comes to your mother tongue, but expecting the same standards from yourself when speaking in a foreign language may not be very realistic.
          使用母語時,你可能是一位雄辯的演說家,但是如果用一門外語想要達到同樣的效果似乎是不現實的。
          Especially, if you’re at the early stages of learning. Learners are often told not to worry about the mistakes they’re making, however, it is easy to understand why you would like to make a good impression on your audience. To overcome this difficulty, you may try slowing down your speaking speed.
          尤其當你還在初學階段。學習者經常被告知不要擔心犯錯誤,然而,你想給聽眾留下好印象這一點很容易讓人理解。為了克服這個困難你可以嘗試放慢語速。
          Nobody will hold it against you if you speak more slowly and clearly. Great speakers do the same to get their message across. Selecting your words carefully may also be seen as a sign of respect towards your audience. It shows that you want to give them the best possible answer.
          如果你說的慢一點,清楚一點,沒有人會反對。偉大的演說家也用同樣的方式傳達他們想要表達的消息。字斟句酌可能被看作一種你尊重聽眾的標志。這說明你想盡可能給他們最好的答案。

          2. Give Yourself Time to Think 給你自己時間去思考

          You may be worried that the people you’re talking to are impatient and would like you to say what you want as quickly as possible.
          你可能會擔心你正在與之交談的人不夠耐心,想要你盡可能快地說完你想說的內容。
          It may not be true – people often prefer a well-thought-out answer to a rushed one.
          這可能不是真的 – 與一個草率的回答相比,人們更愿意你經過周詳的思考后再做回答。
          Another practical thing you can do is equipping yourself with fixed sentence patterns you can use when remaining silent doesn’t seem to be an option.
          另一個你可以使用的實用方法就是在沉默不是一個好選擇的時候,可以使用一些固定的句式來緩解尷尬。
          Here’s an example:
          你可以這樣說:
          Why is there so much violence on TV? That’s a good question. Let me think for a moment, I haven’t really thought about it before. Well, I suppose…
          為什么電視上有如此多的暴力現象?這是一個很好的問題。讓我來想一會兒,我之前沒有認真地想過這個問題。我認為…
          Here the speaker gains considerable amount of time to reflect just by repeating the question and adding a few sentences. If you do the same, you’ll sound more fluent and won’t feel the pressure of having to say something before you’re ready.
          通過重復問題和加幾個句子,演講者就會得到足夠的時間去考慮問題。如果你也這樣做,就會聽起來更加流利,并且在你準備好去演講之前不會有壓力。

          3. Learn Sentences, Not Only Words 學習句子,而不僅僅是詞匯

          In a way, this will take the pressure off too. When you learn a new word, try to memorize a couple of sentences that contain it.
          在某種程度上,這樣也會減少壓力。當你學了一個新詞,去嘗試記幾個包含這個詞的句子。
          There might come a time when you can use one particular sentence with little, or no alteration at all. Unfortunately, many people learn words by heart, but have no idea how to use them in a sentence.
          可能會有這種情況,你不假思索地用了一個特別的句子。不幸的是,許多人牢牢地記住了詞匯,但是卻不清楚在句子里應該怎樣去使用它們。

          4. Learn to Listen 學會去聽

          When speaking in a foreign language, you might be so focused on what you are saying , that you forget to listen to what others are saying.
          說一門外語時,你可能會把注意力集中在內容上,卻忘記去聽別人正在說什么。
          This is a big mistake as they might be using the exact words or grammar you’ll be needing later on. So pay attention to what’s being said around you, it’s your most important resource at the time of speaking to someone.
          這是一個嚴重的錯誤,因為你在以后的日子里會用到他們曾經說過的某個確切的詞匯或者語法。因此把注意力集中在你周圍的人所說的內容上,當你以后跟別人交談的時候,這將是你最重要的資源。

          5. Practice Your Interrogatives 練習提問

          We also need to keep in mind the fact that communication is a two-way process. Not only does it make you seem uninterested – even rude – if you don’t ask questions, you might also end up being the one who has to do all the talking. So, when you’ve run out of ideas about what to say next, remember: others might have something to add.
          我們應該記住這個事實:交流是一個雙向的過程。如果你不問問題,這不僅僅會使你顯得冷漠 – 甚至粗魯 ,你也可能不會再是那個主導話語權的人。因此當你不知道接下來該說點什么的時候,請記住:或許可以讓其他人進行補充。
          For example:
          例如:
          What are your views on that?
          對此你有什么看法?
          How about you? What do you think?
          你呢?你怎么想?
          Questions like this will keep the conversation going and will show your interest in other people’s opinion. They will also give you time to relax a little.
          這樣的問題會使對話繼續下去并且能夠表現出你對他人觀點的興趣。他們也會給你一點時間去放松一下。

          6. Produce, Produce, Produce 產出,產出,產出

          As I said at the beginning of this article, you might know a lot about the language, but this is passive knowledge that must be activated somehow. Your aim is to be able to produce correct English; practice is undeniably the best way to learn and improve.
          像我在這篇文章開始說的一樣,你可能學習了許多關于語言的知識,但是這只是一些需要被激活的被動性的知識。你的目標應該是說出正確的英語; 而練習無疑是學習和提高的最好的方式。
          Writing is one way of producing language; it may help you get used to and reflect on the ways English is used, which might prove to be useful when speaking.
          寫作是一種產出語言的方式;它會幫助你熟悉并且思考使用英語的方式,當你交談的時候,寫作也是起作用的。
          Speaking, on the other hand, is a much more spontaneous process. Find people you can practice with. I have a feeling that it will be a great experience.
          在另一方面,說是一個更自發的過程。去找一個可以和你一起練習英語的人。我有預感這將是一個奇妙的經歷。
          I hope you will find these tips useful. Feel free to ask any questions if something is not clear.
          我希望你會覺得這些技巧有用。當你有問題的時候,不要拘束,去提問。


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